Nebraska/Iowa Weekly Hay Summary (Fri)
Kearney, NE    Thu Apr 18, 2019    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending April 19, 2019

  Compared to last week baled alfalfa and grass hay sold steady. 
Ground and delivered alfalfa steady to 10.00 lower, ground and delivered 
alfalfa mix hay sold steady, ground and delivered cornstalks sold steady 
to 5.00 lower. Demand for small squares was very good in the eastern part 
of the state. Demand for large squares going out of state was good. 
Demand was moderate for all other forages across the state. Several 
reports pastures are slow to grow this spring and some livestock owners 
are having to procure additional hay to make it to turn out time. Other 
producers have kicked some cattle out and have backed off of buying hay.  
County road conditions still are poor across most of the state with some 
areas applying weight restrictions. These restrictions have made it 
difficult to get forage products to the farmer/rancher in remote areas.  
Some field work across the state as many spring crops are roughly 2-4 
weeks behind schedule. Some have planted alfalfa and other getting geared 
up for corn planting. Some producers have started to bale cornstalks to 
help clean trash off the fields. All sales are dollars per ton FOB the 
field or hay barn, unless otherwise noted. 

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large squares 150.00-165.00; Good large rounds 110.00. 
Grass Hay: Premium large rounds 100.00-110.00; Good large rounds 85.00-
95.00; Fair large rounds 60.00-75.00. Premium small squares 160.00-
170.00. Good small squares of brome grass 7.00 per bale. Cane large 
rounds 70.00.  Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein or better 
Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large round bales 110.00-120.00, 140.00 delivered. Ground 
and delivered alfalfa 140.00-160.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa-stubble 
mix 135.00-145.00. Ground and delivered cornstalks 95.00-110.00.

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large squares 160.00; Fair large squares 140.00. Good large 
rounds 130.00-140.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 158.00. Sun-cured 
alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 255.00.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

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